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地球の緑 検索で救え 独「エコジア」 アマゾン火災後に利用急増

Root News of India 2019-09-14 13:28:23    INTERNATIONAL 2306
地球の緑 検索で救え 独「エコジア」 アマゾン火災後に利用急増
インターネットで検索すると地球の緑が増えていく-。そんな検索エンジンの利用者が急増している。ドイツ企業が運営する「ECOSIA(エコジア)」は利益の8割を植林活動に寄付する。世界最大の熱帯雨林があるブラジルのアマゾン地域で拡大する森林火災を受け、アプリのダウンロード数は一時、1日40万を超えた。今後、ブラジルでの植林規模を3倍に増やしアマゾン再生を支援する。



「ブラジル政府は方針を変え、アマゾンを守ってほしい」。エコジア創業者で最高経営責任者(CEO)のクリスティアン・クロールさん(35)は危機感を募らせる。大量の酸素を生み出すアマゾンは「地球の肺」と言われ、その焼失は温暖化を加速させると指摘されているためだ。



 一月に就任したブラジルのボルソナロ大統領は「ブラジルのトランプ」とも呼ばれ、アマゾンの熱帯雨林保護より開発を優先させる姿勢が国際的に批判されている。日本を含む先進七カ国(G7)首脳が八月下旬に合意した消火活動の緊急支援にも強く反発した。



 エコジアは二〇〇九年十二月にサービスを開始。米マイクロソフトの検索エンジン「Bing(ビング)」の技術を活用し、日本語でも検索できる。他の検索エンジンと同様に、検索内容に応じて表示される広告が収入源。人件費やサーバー維持費など経費を差し引いた利益の八割を植林に投じている。



 実際に木を植えるのは現地のNGOや地域組織。これまでにブラジル、エチオピア、インドネシアなど十六カ国で六千七百万本以上が植林されてきた。



アマゾンの火災拡大が報じられた八月下旬、エコジアのダウンロード数は一日四万前後から十倍の四十万以上に。実利用者(アクティブユーザー)数も三割増え約八百万人になり、ブラジルでの今年の植林を百万本から三百万本に増やすことを決めた。



 今月二十三日には国連の気候行動サミットが開催される。欧州は今夏、熱波に見舞われ、フランス、ドイツなど五カ国で観測史上最高を更新。世界気象機関(WMO)が「温暖化の証し」と指摘するなど世界的に広がる異常気象に懸念が高まっている。



 「植林は地域の貧困や飢餓、水害対策にも有効だ」とクロールさん。「温暖化を食い止めるには一兆本以上が必要とされるが、私たちの試算ではグーグルほどの利益があれば二十年で可能。世界中の人々が力を合わせれば達成できると信じている」。二〇年末までに十億本の植林を目標に掲げている。



<世界の森林消失> 国連食糧農業機関(FAO)によると、世界の森林は1990年からの25年間で約1億2900万ヘクタール(日本の国土の約3.4倍)が消失。植林や保全で減少ペースは鈍化しているものの、年間330万ヘクタールの森が消え、特に顕著なのは南米やアフリカ。









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